Jean-Jacques Garaud, M.D. served until 2012 as Head of Roche Pharma Research & Early Development and a Member of the Enlarged Roche Corporate Executive Committee. Prior to joining F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. in 2007, Dr. Garaud was the Global Head of Exploratory Development at Novartis Pharma in Switzerland. From 1985 until 2005, Dr. Garaud worked in clinical research with Marion Merrell Dow, Rhône-Poulenc Rorer, Schering-Plough and Novartis Pharma USA. He was Assistant Attaché in Infectious Diseases and Intensive Care Medicine at the Claude Bernard Hospital in Paris from 1981-1985. He earned his medical degree as well as a diploma in Tropical Medicine, Public Health & Epidemiology from the University of Paris.